Australia is unique in that it can trace the very beginnings of wine production to the arrival of the First Fleet in 1787. Led by Captain Philip, just over 1000 people landed on the continent with the mission to establish a new colony. Among the plants, seeds and livestock brought on the journey were root stock for planting wine grapes. After many failed attempts, the vines eventually brought forth the first vintage of wine in 1820.
The fourth largest wine producing country in the world, Australia has more than 60 distinct wine regions. While grapes are cultivated in every state within the country, the majority of the wine is produced from vineyards located in the cooler, southern states.