Germany and Austria have been producing wine for nearly 2000 years, but it wasn’t until the 12th century that citizens were allowed to grow vines and produce their own wine. Until this time, vineyards were strictly controlled by the Church, with monks acting as viticulturalists and vintners.
Austrian wines are also predominately white wines. The primary wine regions are concentrated on the Easternmost border of Austria. The most well-known grape varietal is the Grüner Veltliner, although there is also a small production of Pinot Noir and many other native varietals.